INDIA A NATION OF UNITY IN DIVERSITY

India, also known as Bharat, is a big country. Her Civilisation is 5000 years old. She has given birth to the worlds most important religions. She provided refuge to other leading religions. People of many races have come to India and settled here. She absorbed them into her blood and fraternised them as her children. Unity and synthesis are the embodiments of Indian culture.

Physical Diversity and Unity: India is a vast country extending the Himalayas in the North to Kanyakumari in the South. The Himalayas separate her from the rest of Asia. The Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean make her a peninsula. We find endless diversity in the Indian sub-continent from the physical point view. There are wide differences in her climate, temperature, rainfall, soil, agriculture, flora and fauna etc., Yet the fact that Indian economy has been primarily agricultural led to the development of common characteristics and common outlook.

India Capital

Delhi

Total States in India

30 , 6 Union Territories.

Total area in India

3,287,263 sq.km

India Population

1,027,015,247 (2001 census)

Languages in India

18 official languages

India National Animal

Tiger.

India National Bird

Peacock.

India National Tree

Banyan Tree

India National Sport

Hockey

India National Emblem

The state emblem of India is an adaptation from the Saranath Lion, capital of Asoka the emperor as preserved in the Saranath Museum.

India National Flag

The National Flag is a horizontal tri-color of deep saffron (kesari) (representing courage and sacrifice) at the top, white (peace and truth) in the middle and dark green (faith and chivalry) at the bottom is equal proportion. The ration of the width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a wheel, in navy blue. Its design is that of the wheel (Chakra) which appears on the abacus of the Saranath Lion capital of Asoka.

India National Anthem

Ravindranath tagore’s song Jana-gana-mana was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India.

India National Song

The song Vande Mataram composed by Bankim-chandra Chatterji has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.


India Standard Time

India has only one standard time. India is 5.5 hours ahead of GMT/UTC, 4.5 hours behind Australian Eastern Standard Time and 10.5 hours ahead of American Eastern Standard Time.

 

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